Parthenon became a symbol of Greek culture at the same time achieving the peak of the Ancient World civilizations of the Mediterranean.
PARTHENON MUSEUM IN NASHVILLE
The Parthenon in Nashville, Tennessee is a full-scale replica of the original Parthenon in Athens. It was built in 1897 as part of the Tennessee Centennial Exposition.
Today the Parthenon, which functions as an art museum, stands as the centerpiece of Centennial Park, a large public park just west of downtown Nashville. Alan LeQuire's 1990 re-creation of the Athena Parthenos statue is the focus of the Parthenon just as it was in ancient Greece. The statue of Athena Parthenos within is a reconstruction of the long-lost original to careful scholarly standards: she is cuirassed and helmeted, carries a shield on her left arm and a small 6-foot-high (1.8 m) statue of Nike (Victory) in her right palm, and stands 42 feet (13 m) high, gilt with more than 8 pounds (3.6 kg) of gold leaf; an equally colossal serpent rears its head between her and her shield. Since the building is complete and its decorations were polychromed (painted in colors) as close to the presumed original as possible, this replica of the original Parthenon in Athens serves as a monument to what is considered the pinnacle of classical architecture. The plaster replicas of the Parthenon Marbles found in the naos (the east room of the main hall) are direct casts of the original sculptures which adorned the pediments of the Athenian Parthenon, dating back to 438 BC. Many fragments of the originals are housed in the British Museum in London; others are at the Acropolis Museum in Athens.
PARTHENON IN GREEK
Located in Athens, in the compound of the Acropolis, the Parthenon looks towering above the city. At night, the Parthenon and the Acropolis lit up in a sprinkling of light that can be seen from various parts of the city.Square-shaped building was built in the 5th century BC by Callicrates and Ictinus, which is intended as a replacement for the old temple that has been established previously.
Parthenon is dedicated to the goddess Athena. No wonder if in the temple is also built a large statue of Athena along with various reliefs depicting various scenes.
Parthenon very appealing visually with white marble construction, large size, and carving bervariasi.Mengingat amount of looting and damage that have occurred, it is amazing to see the Parthenon is still in a state of most of these utuh.Kuil was used both as a Christian church and a mosque because the condition was assessed as layak.Sayangnya, in 1600, the Ottomans used the Parthenon as a storage area amunisi.Hal is actually not going to be a big problem. However, the ever exploding ammunition depot, causing major damage.
Parthenon suffered further damage in the 1800s, when many of the statues were transported by an Englishman named Lord Elgin who has received permission from Ottoman.Salah a famous statue called The Elgin Marbles are still a struggle between the British government with Yunani.
Parthenon continue to face the threat of damage due to high levels of air pollution in Athena.Banyak columns and statues were left damaged so that recovery efforts continue to be made to preserve the precious cultural heritage of this.
Parthenon at night